The translated meaning of Numidian is Nomad and indeed the people were semi-nomadic until the reign of Masinissa of the Massyli tribe.At the beginning of recorded history, Tunisia was inhabited by Berber tribes.After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, occupied it for most of the next 800 years, and introduced Islam.They were followed by the Ottoman Empire who conquered & colonized the region between 15. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881.
Close relations with Europe, in particular with France have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization.
Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert.
Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil.
Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957.
In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections.